Sir Arthur Conan Doyle was born in Edinburgh, and after a period spent studying in various locations in Britain and Austria, studied medicine at Edinburgh University. Here he would become intrigued by one of his professors, who could deduce large scenarios from small details.
After some unsuccessful years as a GP, he began writing to pass the time. He became one of the world’s most popular adventure writers, particularly with his detective stories about Sherlock Holmes.
Doyle was incredibly prolific as a short story writer, inventing popular character Professor Challenger, who appears in a series including the story The Lost World. He also wrote historical novels, which some critics regard as his best work.
Popular demand for Sherlock Holmes meant Doyle produced more stories than he wanted to write. Even when he killed Holmes off in The Riechenbach Falls, the character refused to die, appearing again in The Hound of the Baskervilles.
To Doyle’s chagrin, Holmes eclipsed all his other works, and continues, somewhat unfairly, to do so to this day.
There is a large statue of Sherlock Holmes commemorating Doyle’s place of birth on Picardy Place in Edinburgh.