Scotland, awarded October 2004
Australia, awarded August 2008
USA, awarded November 2008
Republic of Ireland, July 2010
Iceland, awarded August 2011
UNESCO Cities of Literature work together to build strong global partnerships: encouraging literary exchanges, creating cross-cultural initiatives and developing local, national and international literary links. Each City will also be dedicated to pursuing excellence in literature on a local level, engaging citizens in a dynamic culture of words.
Melbourne, Iowa City, Dublin, Reykjavik and Norwich have now joined Edinburgh to form a new global network of Cities of Literature - we look forward to welcoming more Cities to our network.
Cities of Literature: Criteria
- Quality, quantity and diversity of publishing and editorial initiatives
- Quality and quantity of educational programmes
- Urban environment in which literature plays an integral part
- Experience hosting literary events and festivals, promoting foreign and domestic texts
- Libraries, bookstores and cultural centres
- Active effort to translate literary works from diverse languages
- Use of new media to promote and stengthen the literary market